On the Way to Understand : What is Biotechnology
Applied biology has many fields to be applied at as the name suggests and biotechnology is one of them. Living organisms andbioprocesses in engineering, technology, medicine and other related fields which require bio-products are needed to be used here. These products are also used for the purpose of manufacturing in biotechnology. Genetic engineering and cell and tissue culture technologies are examples of modern use of similar terms. There are various kinds of procedures and history linked to this concept for modification of living organisms according to various purposes of human — it goes way back to animal domestication, plant cultivation, and improving these by breeding programs that have artificial selection and hybridization. In comparison with biotechnology, it is thought in general that bioengineering is a related field that emphasizes more on higher systems approaches to interface with and to utilize living things. But it is not necessarily needed to alter or use biological materials directly.
What is Biotechnology : Defination
The definition of biotechnology given by The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity is:
"Any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use."
It can also be defined as this: "Application of scientific and technical advances in life science to develop commercial products" is biotechnology.
Pure biological sciences like genetics, microbiology, animal cell culture, molecular biology, biochemistry, embryology and cell biology are needed for working with biotechnology. And many times it also depends on knowledge and methods from fields like chemical engineering, bioprocess engineering, information technology, bio robotics etc. which are not within biological sphere. On the other hand, modern biological sciences, which may comprise of even concepts such as molecular ecology are closely related and depend on the methods which were developed using biotechnology; and also the one which is commonly known as the life sciences industry.